Imported from Switzerland, the Simmental breed has existed in Serbia since 1871. The most important increase in cattle numbers in Serbia was after the Second World War. The application of artificial insemination techniques increased this population considerably with the foundation of the AI centre in Velika Plana in June 1957. At the beginning of 1991, the number of controlled cattle was 80,000, but it decreased to 20,000 due to economic sanctions and NATO bombing. Serbian cattle breeders founded the first association of Simmental breeders in Velika Plana in 2002, when the program and goals of Simmental breed development were adopted (dual-purpose, 50% beef and 50% milk). Controlled mating was used (60% of AI and 40% of natural mating) to increase fertility and milk production for domestic and export markets.
From farm to table
Farm to Table Simmental is put into the feed program at approximately 9 months of age or 200kg. The feed program is a mix of corn, wheat, barley and grass. Weight gains are approximately 1.5kg per day. The feeding program lasts between 180-200 days before farmers deliver to the factory in Serbia for weigh and final cull Simmentals are bred all over the world for their high beef yields. …
In crossbreeding, the Simmental has proved very successful. It provides good growth, a large frame and thus a better beef yield to its crossbred progeny. It improves the quality of the meat with white fat and excellent marbling
- The Serbian territory is 8,840,000 ha, of which 5,734,000 ha are agricultural areas (including 4,867,000 ha of fertile soil).
- 70% of the territory are agricultural areas, and 30% are woods. 43% of Serbian agriculture is animal husbandry, 42% is farming, 12% is fruit growing and wine growing, and the rest is 3%
- Serbia is an open country which is willing to welcome anyone who likes natural beauty and is seriously engaged in the preservation of natural landscape and the development of animal husbandry.
Serbia is an agricultural and animal husbandry country with cattle breeding playing the most important role
Cattle Breeding In Serbia
- Today in Serbia there are 1,176,000 head of cattle and pregnant heifers, including 697,546 in Central Serbia. 85%are Simmental, 10% are crossbreds and autochthonous breeds, and around 5% are purebred Red Holstein and Holstein- Friesian breeds
- Vojvodina has 103,315 cows and pregnant heifers. 40% are Simmental, 30% are crossbreds between Simmental and Red Holstein-Friesian and Holstein- Friesian, and 30% are purebred Red Holstein and Holstein-Friesian breeds